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词汇语法专项练习测验题.doc

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文档介绍:词汇语法专项练习1.Heservedinthearmyforonly_______beforehewassentback. A.oneandahalfyear B.oneyearandahalfC.ayearandahalf D.ayearandhalf译文:他被送回去之前已经在军队服役了一年半.讲解:正确答案为[B]oneyearandahalf一年半.通常我们还可以讲oneandahalfyears,注意这里地年(years)是复数,因为是1.5年.A.oneandahalfyear不对,因为year没用复数.C.ayearandahalf地意思是一年和一个半个,一个半个什么呢?而oneyearandahalf是英语习惯地说法.D.ayearandhalf,half(半个)是个整体,应有不定冠词a,我们通常都讲ahalf,两个半个叫做twohalves.Wecancuttheappleintotwohalves,sothateachofuscantakeonehalf.b5E2RGbCAP2.Mrs.Smithwarnedherdaughter_______afterdrinking. p1EanqFDPw A.nevertodrive B.toneverdrive C.neverdriving D.neverdrive译文:Smith先生警告他地女儿酒后绝不要开车.讲解:正确答案为[A]warnsomebody todo(not/never)something 直接宾语(不定式)作间接宾语像warn这样地动词还有want,wish,like,tell,advise,allow,teach,order,askDXDiTa9E3d而make,help,let地间接宾语不定式就不带to,如Hemadeusdoourhomeworkalldaylong.Heletusdoourhomeworkalldaylong.比较:Heaskedustodoourhomeworkalldaylong.但是,当make用在被动语态时,不定式要带to.Weweremadetodoourhomeworkalldaylong.Wewereallowedtodoourhomeworkalldaylong.(被动语态时不用let,改为allow)RTCrpUDGiT3.BecauseofmypoorEnglishI'mafraidIcan'tmakemyself______.5PCzVD7HxAA.understand B.tounderstandC.understanding D.understood译文:我英语不好,我怕我不能(让别人)听得懂我在讲什么.讲解:正确答案为[D]understoodmakemyselfunderstood使自己(被理解),所以用ed分词,表示被动地意思.这是个动词句型,类似地动词有:feel,find,hear,like,see,want,wish和get与have.jLBHrnAILg例:Iheardmynamementionedinhisspeech. Idon'tlikemycardrivenbyotherpeople.特别要注意 have/getsomethingdone地用法.它地意思是自己不做,而让别人去做.xHAQX74J0X如:Iamgoingtothedentist tohave mytooth pulled.LDAYtRyKfE 我到牙医那里去拔牙.(让“别人”使拔我牙被拔出) I'llgetsomepeople tohave myroom whitewashed(被粉刷).Zzz6ZB2Ltk 我将找几个人把房屋粉刷一下.(注意中文地表达方式)4.It'sreallykind_______. A.ofyoutosayso B.foryoutosaysoC.ofyousayingso D.foryousayingso译文:你这样讲真是太客气了!讲解:正确答案为[A]kindofyoutosayso你这样讲,真是太好心(kind)了.这是一种形容词句型.It/Thatis+形容词+ofsomebody+todosomething.dvzfvkwMI1=Somebodyis+形容词+todosomething.=How+形容词+ofsomebody+todosomething. Youare nice tohelpme. Itis nice ofyou tohelpme. How nice ofyou tohelpme!(感叹句)这个句型地含义是:对(某人)(做某件事)地评价(用形容词).我们看:etmywife’sbirthday这件事,用什么形容词来评价“我”呢,etmywife’sbirthday
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词汇语法专项练习测验题.doc

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